By Markman Ellis
How the easy commodity of espresso got here to rewrite the adventure of metropolitan life
When the 1st coffee-house opened in London in 1652, buyers have been bewildered through this unusual new drink from Turkey. yet those that attempted espresso have been quickly gained over. extra coffee-houses have been opened throughout London and, within the following a long time, in the USA and Europe.
For 100 years the coffee-house occupied the centre of city existence. retailers held auctions of products, writers and poets performed discussions, scientists established experiments and gave lectures, philanthropists deliberated reforms. Coffee-houses hence performed a key function within the explosion of political, monetary, medical and literary switch within the 18th century.
In the nineteenth century the coffee-house declined, however the Nineteen Fifties witnessed a dramatic revival within the acclaim for espresso with the looks of coffee machines and the `coffee bar', and the Nineteen Nineties observed the coming of retail chains like Starbucks.
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Extra resources for The Coffee-House: A Cultural History
The Coffee-House: A Cultural History by Markman Ellis